RAMA Industrial Heater Company

Electric Heat a quick look at the facilities and products of Rama Industrial Heater Company

RAMA Industrial Heater Company serves widely diversified industries throughout the nation. Today RAMA products are providing reliable electric heat for aerospace and aircraft applications . . .  for plastics, petroleum and paper processing . . . for packaging, electronic, typographical, laundry, refrigeration and medical equipment. . . for food processing . . . for tire manufacturing and recapping . . . for use in the refractory, metal fabrication, chemical and cryogenic industries . . . for use in vending, stamping and marking, electrical testing and copying equipment . . . and in literally thousands of other applications. Whenever electric heat is needed . . . look to RAMA!

THIS IS RAMA . . . specialists in electric heat

Since its found over 70 years ago, RAMA Industrial Heater Company has specialized in manufacturing electric heating units, devices and assembles. Today, all types, shapes and sizes of heating units are shipped from our modern factory to users throughout the nation.

RAMA, sales, engineering and production personnel are highly trained, skilled and experienced in all phases of heater design, engineering and manufacturing. Their talents, ability and pride of workmanship has led to our position as a leader in the electric heating industry.

In this booklet, we illustrate our facilities, products and capabilities in the hope of giving you a clearer picture of RAMA, its plant, products and people. We welcome your visit to our plant. Ample parking is provided on our large 12 acre site with over 40,000 square feet of manufacturing.

MANUFACTURING FACILITIES

The spacious RAMA factory is laid out for optimum production flow and personnel efficiency. Modern manufacturing, materials handling, and test and inspection equipment is utilized throughout the production process. Several special items of equipment, unique in the industry, have been designed by RAMA, to more efficiently produce our heater products. Innovations have also been made in materials and manufacturing techniques. These advancements have contributed greatly to continuing product improvement and the wide acceptance of RAMA heating products throughout the country. Instrumentation for thorough inspection of parts, sub-assemblies and complete heater assemblies are in constant use in RAMA’s inspection program. Formal Quality Control procedures insure that all heating units and assemblies meet stringent standards. A copy of our quality control manual is available upon request. Cleanliness of parts, working areas and storage areas is rigidly maintained. Pride of workmanship is continually stressed, and RAMA personnel are thoroughly trained and supervised in all phases of design and manufacture. Customer satisfaction is the prime concern of the RAMA management team. Insistence of thorough engineering, close customer liaison and superior heating products has led to the success of RAMA . . . one of the country’s leading heating unit manufacturers.

ENGINEERING DATA

Included here is frequently used engineering information which is helpful in determining heater requirements. More detailed information is available in our current catalog. If you have a heating problem, please contact us for assistance. Our engineering department is always available to assist you in any way in determining proper heater applications.

DETERMINING WATTAGE REQUIRED – basic formula

The energy to heat any substance = weight in lbs. X specific heat X temperature rise in °F = BTU

1 Kilowatt hour = 3412 BTU mathematically expressed:

 

 

Specific Heat is the amount of heat necessary to raise the temperature of a substance by 1 °F. Expressed as BTU/lb.°F.

APPLICATION

The total wattage required to heat any substance consists of:

  1. ABSORPTION (watts consumed by heated substance in a given time)
  2. HEAT LOSSES (radiation losses and losses due to absorption by surrounding enclosure, shelves, etc.)
  3. HEAT OF FUSION (if the substance is to be melted)

HEAT OF VAPORIZATION (if the substance is to be vaporized)

The best of fusion is the amount of heat required to melt one pound of the material. The heat of vaporization is the heat required to vaporize one pound of the material. Each is normally listed in BTY/lb.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SOLIDS

Substance Average Specific Heat BTU/lb./°F Heat of Fusion BTU/lb. Melting Point °F Weight lbs./ft.3
Aluminum .23 138 1216 160
Asphalt .40 40 250± 65
Bismuth .031 23 520 610
Brass .10 …. 1700± 525
Brickwork and Masonry .220 …. …….. 140
Carbon .204 …. …….. …..
Copper .10 75 1981 550
Glass .20 …. 2200± 165
Graphite .20 …. …….. 130
Inconel 600 .126 …. 2500 525
Iron, Cast .13 …. 2300± 450
Iron, wrought .12 …. 2800± 480
Lead, solid .031 10 621 710
Lead, melted .04 …. …….. …..
Nickel .11 …. 2642 550
Nickel 200 .12 …. 2615 555
Paper .45 …. …….. 58
Paraffin .70 63 133 56
Rubber .40 …. …….. 95±
Silver .057 38 1761 655
Solder (50% lead – 50% tin) .04 17 415 580
Steel .12 …. 2550± 490
Steel, stainless 304 .12 …. 2550 495
Sugar .30 …. 320 105
Sulphur .203 17 230 125
Tin, solid .056 25 450 455
Tin, melted .064 …. …….. ……..
Titanium 99.0% .13 …. 3035 284
Type metal

85% lead

15% antimony

.040 …. 500 670
Wood .45± …. …….. 40
Zinc .095 51 787 445

LIQUIDS

Substance Average Specific Heat BTU/lb./°F Heat of Vaporization BTU/lb. Boiling Point °F Weight lbs./ft.3 Weight Lb. Per Gallon
Acetic acid .472 153 245 66 8.81
Alcohol .65 365 172 55 7.35
Ether .503 160 95 46 6.15
Glycerine .58 …… 554 79 10.58
Mercury .0333 117 675 845 113.00
Oil, cotton-seed .47 …… …… 60 7.76
Oil, olive .471 …… 570± 58 7.75
Paraffin, melted .71 …… 750± 56 7.49
Sulphur, melted .234 652 601 …. ……
Turpentine .41 133 319 54 7.22
Water 1.0 965 212 62.5 8.34

GASES AND VAPORS

Substance Average Specific Heat BTU/lb./°F Weight lbs./ft.3
Acetylene 0.35 0.073
Air 0.24 0.075
Alcohol 0.453 ……
Ammonia 0.52 0.048
Argon 1.24 0.104
Butane 0.55 0.146
Carbon Dioxide 0.203 0.123
Carbon Monoxide 0.243 0.078
Chlorine 0.125 0.20
Ethane 0.41 0.083
Helium 1.25 0.011
Hexane 0.34 0.238
Hydrochloric Acid 0.195 0.102
Hydrogen 3.41 0.0056
Methane 0.60 0.0447
Nitrogen 0.245 0.078
Oxygen 0.218 0.09
Propane 0.47 0.164
Steam (212°F) 0.482 0.037
Sulphur Dioxide 0.155 0.179

NOTE: These values are approximate, and only for 70 °F and atmospheric pressure. Specific heats and specific weights vary with temperature and pressure, so if your problem involves a material at temperature and/or pressure other than standard, these values may not apply. RAMA engineers maintain extensive files of data on these and many other less common materials and will be pleased to help you whenever possible.